Samuel Justin Sinclair Samuel Justin Sinclair, PhD

justin_sinclair@williamjames.edu

Role(s)

  • Assistant Professor, Clinical Psychology Program

Degrees

  • PhD, Suffolk University
  • MEd, Harvard University
  • BA, Boston College

Teaching

  • History & Systems of Psychology (2016)
  • Clinical Seminar II (2016)
  • Clinical Seminar III (2017-)

Research and Practice Interests

  • Terrorism and political violence
  • Ssuicide and violence risk
  • Psychometrics and scale development
  • Psychological and neurocognitive assessment, and treatment outcome

Professional Licenses and Certifications

  • Licensed Psychologist & Health Services Provider (Massachusetts)

Publications and Presentations

Publications

Sinclair, S.J., & LoCicero, A. (2010). Do fears of terrorism predict trust in government? Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2, 57-68.

Sinclair, S.J., Blais, M.A., Gansler, D.A., Sandberg, E., Bistis, K., & LoCicero, A. (2010). Psychometric properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Overall and across demographic groups living within the United States. Evaluation & The Health Professions, 33, 56-80.

Sinclair, S.J., Antonius, D., Shiva, A., Siefert, C.J., Kehl-Fie, K., Lama, S., Shorey, H.S., & Blais, M. (2010). The psychometric properties of the personality assessment inventory-short form (PAI-SF) in inpatient forensic and civil samples. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32, 406-415.

Sinclair, S.J., & Antonius, D. (2010). Social dynamics and psychological implications of terrorism and political violence. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 2, 1-2.

Monaghan, R., Antonius, D., Sinclair, S.J. (2011). Defining ‘terrorism’: moving towards a more integrated and interdisciplinary understanding of political violence. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 3(2), 77-79.

Sinclair, S.J., Siefert, C.J., Slavin-Mulford, J., Stein, M.B., Renna, M., Blais, M. (2012). Psychometric evaluation and normative data for the depression, anxiety, and stress scales-21 (DASS-21) in a non-clinical sample of United States adults. Evaluation & The Health Professions, 35, 259-279.

Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S.J., Siefert, C.J., & Blais, M. (2012). Exploring the construct validity of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale through clinical assessment. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94, 533-540.

Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S.J., Stein, M., Malone, J., Bello, I, & Blais, M. (2012). External Validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in a clinical sample. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94, 593-600.

Siefert, C., Stein, M.B., Sinclair, S.J., Antonius, D., Shiva, A., & Blais, M. (2012). Development and initial validation of a scale for detecting inconsistent responding on the Personality Assessment Inventory – Short Form. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94, 601-606.

Sinclair, S.J., Bello, I., Nyer, M., Slavin-Mulford, J., Stein, M.B., Renna, M., Antonius, D., & Blais, M. (2012). The Suicide (SPI) and Violence Potential Indices (VPI) from the Personality Assessment Inventory: A preliminary exploration of validity in an outpatient psychiatric sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34, 423-431.

Blais, M., Sinclair, S.J., Baity, M.R., Worth, J., Weiss, A.P., Ball, L.A., & Herman, J. (2012). Measuring outcomes in adult outpatient psychiatry. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 19, 203-213.

Antonius, D., Kline, B., Sinclair, S.J., White-Ajmani, M., Gianfagna, S., Malaspina, D., & Tremeau, F. (2013). Deficits in implicit facial recognition of fear in aggressive patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 143, 401-402.

Blais, M., Malone, J., Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., O’Keefe, S., Renna, M., & Sinclair, S.J. (2013). Treatment as usual for depression: A comparison of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and combined treatment at a large academic medical center. Psychotherapy, 50(1), 110-118.

Malone, J., Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Bello, I., Sinclair, S.J., & Blais, M. (2013). Seeing Red: Affect modulation and chromatic color responses on the Rorschach. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 77(1), 70-93.

Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S.J., Stein, M.B., Malone, J., Bello, I., & Blais, M. (2013). External correlates of the Personality Assessment Inventory higher order structures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95(4), 432-434.

Sinclair, S.J., Slavin-Mulford, J., Antonius, D., Stein, M.B., Siefert, C.J., Haggerty, G., O’Keefe, S., & Blais, M,A. (2013). Development and preliminary validation of the Level of Care Index (LOCI) from the personality assessment inventory in a psychiatric sample. Psychological Assessment, 25, 606-617.

Antonius, D., Messinger, J.W., Maile, J., Siefert, C.J., Shiva, A., Belfi, B., Blais, M.A., Malaspina, D., & Sinclair, S.J. (2013). Assessing heterogeneity of aggression in psychiatric patients: Exploratory and confirmatory analyses of reactive and instrumental aggression Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) scales. Violence and Victims, 28(4), 587-601.

Antonius, D., Bruce, K.L., Moisa, B., Sinclair, S.J., Malaspina, D., & Tremeau, F. (2013). Familiarity preference in schizophrenia is associated with ambivalent attitudes towards others. Schizophrenia Research, 150(1), 229-234.  

Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Siefert, C.J., Sinclair, S.J., Renna, M., Malone, J., Bello, I., & Blais, M. (2014). SCORS-G stimulus characteristics of select thematic apperception test cards. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96(3), 339-349.

Haggerty, G., Forlenza, N., Poland, C., Ray, S., Zodan, J., Mehra, A., Goyal, A., Baity, M., Siefert, C.J., & Sinclair, S.J. (2014). Assessing overall functioning with adolescent inpatients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 202(11), 822-828.

Haggerty, G., Siefert, C.J., Stoycheva, V., Sinclair, S.J., Baity, M., Zodan, J., Mehra, A., Chand, V., & Blais, M. (2014). Determining adolescents’ suitability for inpatient psychotherapy: Utility of the clinician-rated Readiness for Inpatient Psychotherapy Scale with an adolescent inpatient sample. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 78(4): 349-72.

Zucker, H., Ahn, R., Sinclair, S.J., Blais, M.B., Nelson, B.D., & Burke, T.F. (2014). Development of a scale to measure individuals’ ratings of peace. Conflict and Health, 8(1), DOI: 10.1186/1752-1505-8-17.

Blais, M.A., Blagys, M.D., Rivas-Vazquez, R., Bello, I., Sinclair, S.J. (2015). Development and initial validation of a brief symptom measure, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 22(3), 267-275.

Sinclair, S.J., Smith, M., Chung, W.J., Liebman, R., Stein, M.B., Antonius, D., Siefert, C.J., Haggerty, G., & Blais, M.A. (2015). Extending the validity of the personality assessment inventory’s (PAI) Level of Care Index (LOCI) in multiple psychiatric settings. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97(2), 145-152.

Haggerty, G., Siefert, C.J., Sinclair, S.J., Zodan, J., Babalola, R., & Blais, M.A. (2015). Validation of a measure of alliance for an adolescent inpatient setting. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 22(4), 357-363.

Haggerty, G., Blanchard, M., Baity, M., Defife, J., Stein, M.B., Siefert, C.J., Sinclair, S.J., & Zodan, J. (2015). Clinical validity of a dimensional assessment of self-and interpersonal functioning in adolescent inpatients. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97(1), 3-12.

Slavin-Mulford, J., Perkey, H., Blais, M., Stein, M., & Sinclair, S.J. (2015). External validity of the Symptom Assessment-45 (SA-45) questionnaire in a clinical sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 58, 205-212.

Haggerty, G., Siefert, C.J., Bornstein, R., Sinclair, S.J., Blais, M., Zodan, J., & Rao, N. (2015). Correlates of interpersonal dependency and detachment in an adolescent inpatient sample. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 74 (9), 281-304.

Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Siefert, C.J., Sinclair, S.J., Smith, M., Chung, W.J., Liebman, R., & Blais, M.A. (2015). External validity of SCORS-G ratings of Thematic Apperception Test narratives in a sample of outpatients and inpatients. Rorschachiana, 36(1), 58-81.

Sinclair, S.J., Walsh-Messinger, J., Siefert, C.J., Antonius, D., Baity, M.J., Haggerty, G., Stein, M., & Blais, M. (2015). Neuropsychological functioning and profile validity on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): An investigation in multiple psychiatric settings. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 79 (4), 305-334.

Leidenfrost, C.M., Calabrese, W., Schoelerman, R.M., Coggins, E., Ranney, M., Sinclair, S.J., & Antonius, D. (2016). Changes in psychological health and subjective well-being among incarcerated individuals with serious mental illness. Journal of Correctional Health Care, 22(1), 12-20.

Haggerty, G., Zodan, J., Mehra, A., Zubair, A., Ghosh, K., Siefert, C.J., Sinclair, S.J., Defife, J. (2016). Reliability and validity of prototype diagnosis for adolescent psychopathology. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(4), 287-290.

Haggerty, G., Bornstein, R.F., Khalid, M., Sharma, V., Riaz, U., Blanchard, M., Siefert, C.J., Sinclair, S.J. (2016). Construct validity of the Relationship Profile Test: Links with measures of psychopathology and adult attachment. Journal of Personality Assessment, 98(1), 82-87.

Siefert, C.J., Stein, M., Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S.J., Haggerty, G., & Blais, M.A. (2016). Estimating the effects of Thematic Apperception Test card content on SCORS-G ratings: Replication with a non-clinical sample. Journal of Personality Assessment, 98(6), 598-607.

Sinclair, S.J., Roche, M., Temes, C., Massey, C., Chung, W., Stein, M., Richardson, L., & Blais, M. (2016). Evaluating chronic suicide risk with the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): Development and initial validation of the chronic suicide risk index (S_Chron). Psychiatry Research, 245; 443-450.

Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S.J., Chung, W.J., Roche, M., Denckla, C., & Blais, M.A. (2016). Extending the use of the SCORS-G composite ratings in assessing level of personality organization. Journal of Personality Assessment, DOI:10.1080/00223891.2016.1195394

Roche, M.J., Sinclair, S.J., Denckla, C., Chung, W., Stein, M., & Blais, M. (in Press). The empirically-derived Violence and Aggression Risk Index (VARI) from the Personality Assessment Inventory: Development, Validation, and Application in General Psychiatric Settings. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic.

Matlasz, T.M., Brylski, J.L., Leidenfrost, C.M., Scalco, M., Sinclair, S.J., Schoelerman, R.M., Tsang, V., & Antonius, D. (in Press). Cognitive status and profile validity on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in offenders with severe mental illness. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.

Siefert, C.J., Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S.J., & Blais, M. (in Press). Exploring the factor structure of the Social Cognition and Object Relations – Global Rating. Journal of Personality Assessment.

Book Chapters

Sinclair, S.J. (2010). Fears of terrorism and future threat: theoretical and empirical considerations. In D. Antonius, A.D. Brown, T. Walters, M. Ramirez, S.J. Sinclair. (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Analyses of Terrorism and Aggression (pp. 101-117). Cambridge, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Sinclair, S.J., Blais, M.A., & Sherman, J.C. (2012). Neuropsychological Assessment. In T.A. Stern, J.B. Herman, & T. Gorrindo (Eds.), MGH Psychiatry Update and Board Preparation, 3rd edition (pp. 263-268). Boston: MGH Psychiatry Academy.

Sinclair, S.J., O’Keefe, S., & Blais, M.A. (2012). Psychological Assessment. In T.A. Stern, J.B. Herman, & Gorrindo T (Eds.), MGH Psychiatry Update and Board Preparation, 3rd edition (pp. 255-261). Boston: MGH Psychiatry Academy.

Blais, M., Sinclair, S.J., & O’Keefe, S. (2016). Understanding and applying psychological assessment. In T.A. Stern, M. Fava, T. Wilens, & J. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry, 2nd Edition (pp. 73-81). London: Elsevier.

Sinclair, S.J., Blais, M.B., & Blacker, D. (In Press). Psychiatric Rating Scales. In B.J. Kaplan, & V.A. Sadock (Eds.), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 10th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a division of Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Books

Antonius, D., Brown, A.D., Walters, T., Ramirez, M., & Sinclair, S.J. (Eds.). (2010). Interdisciplinary analyses of terrorism and aggression. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Sinclair, S.J., & Antonius, D. (2012). The psychology of terrorism fears. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jackson, R.J., & Sinclair, S.J. (Eds.). (2012). Contemporary debates in terrorism. London: Routledge Publishing.

Sinclair, S.J., & Antonius, D. (Eds.). (2013). The political psychology of terrorism fears. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Presentations

Sinclair SJ. Interdisciplinary study of terrorism and political violence. Opening remarks for the third annual CICA-STR conference on terrorism and human rights, September 2, 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland. 

Sinclair SJ. Behavioral sciences of terrorism and political aggression. Presented at the annual CICA-STR conference on terrorism and human rights, September 4, 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland. 

Sinclair, S.J., & Blais, M. The Psychopathology Spectra Inventory (PSI): An exploration of validity and clinical utility. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2016, Chicago, Ill.

Temes, C., Sinclair, S.J., & Blais, M. Neuropsychological indicators of suicide risk as moderated by psychiatric symptoms. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2016, Chicago, Ill.

Chung, W., Sinclair, S.J., Richardson, L., Massey, C. Temes, C., Stein, M., & Blais, M. Exploring meta-cognition through method convergence. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2016, Chicago, Ill.

Bobb, K., Baity, M.J., Walsh-Messinger, J., Peters, J.J., Sinclair, S.J., & Blais, M. Exploring the utility of the Level of Care Index (LOCI) Across Clinical Settings. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2016, Chicago, Ill.

Massey, C., Blais, M., & Sinclair, S.J. Long-term functioning after complex trauma: Psychological profiles of adults who report childhood polyvictimization trauma. Poster presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2016, Chicago, Ill.

Richardson, L., Stein, M., Slavin-Mulford, J., Chung, W., Sinclair, S.J., & Blais. The relationship between the SCORS-G factor structure, somatization, and physical health in a clinical population. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2016, Chicago, Ill.

Stein, M., Slavin-Mulford, J., Richardson, L., Chung, W., Sinclair, S.J., & Blais. Extending the use of the SCORS-G composite rating in assessing level of personality organization. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2016, Chicago, Ill.

Leidenfrost, C.M., Calabrese, W., Schoelerman, R., Coggins, E., Ranney, M., Sinclair, S.J., & Antonius, D. A. (August, 2015). Changes in psychological health and subjective well-being  among incarcerated individuals with serious mental illness.  Presentation at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, ON.

Sinclair, S.J., & Blais, M. Evaluating the psychometric properties and clinical validity of the cognitive dysfunction scale (CDS) from the psychopathology spectra inventory (PSI). Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2015, Brooklyn, NY.

Haggerty, G., Zodan, J., Dalis, F., Mehra, A., Blanchard, M., Siefert, C.J., Baity, M., &

Sinclair, SJ.  (2015). Personality prototypes: Validity and reliability with an outpatient sample. Presentation at the Annual Society of Personality Assessment, Meeting, Brooklyn, NY

Haggerty, G., Khalid, M., Ruiz, U., Sharma, V., Siefert, C.J., Zodan, J., Blanchard, M., Mehra, A., Baity, M.R., Sinclair, SJ (2015). Personality differences between opiate and alcohol abusers in an inpatient chemical rehab sample. Presentation at the Annual Society of Personality Assessment Meeting, Brooklyn, NY.

Haggerty, G., Ashwin, M., Dalis, F., Zodan, J., Blanchard, M., Siefert, C.J., Baity, M.R., & Sinclair, SJ. (2015). Patients’ attitudes towards recording psychotherapy sessions: Relationship with patients’ personality. Presentation at the Annual Society of Personality Assessment Meeting, Brooklyn, NY.

Leite, D., & Haggerty, G., Khalid, M., Sharma, V., Ruiz, U., Siefert, C.J., Zodan, J., Blanchard, M., Baity, M.R., Sinclair, SJ. (2015). Impulsivity: Investigating the difference between alcohol and opiate abusers. Presented at the Annual Convention of the Society of Personality Assessment, Brooklyn, NY. 

Sinclair, S.J. The SOS-10 in Adult Outpatient Psychiatry. Presentation to the Psychiatry Leadership Committee, Massachusetts General Hospital, May 21, 2014, Boston, MA.

Sinclair, S.J. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Evaluation and Treatment. Presentation for Staff & Trainees, Ambulatory Practice of the Future (APF), Massachusetts General Hospital & Harvard Medical School, September 25, 2014, Boston, MA.

Sinclair, S.J. Neuropsychological Evaluations in Substance Abuse Populations: Clinical Utility  and Implications for Treatment. Presentation for Staff & Trainees, West End Clinic, Massachusetts General Hospital & Harvard Medical School, November 13, 2014, Boston, MA.

Chung, W.J., Sinclair, S.J., Liebman, R., Smith, M., Stein, M., & Blais, M.A. Personality and Life History Correlates of Individuals with Congruent and Incongruent Perceived and Observed Cognitive Deficits. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Walsh-Messinger, J., Sinclair, S.J., Stein, M., Blais, M.A. Impact of Response Style on the Integration of PAI and Rorschach Data Related to Psychosis. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Sinclair, S.J., & Blais, M.A. Development and preliminary psychometric testing of the Psychopathology Spectra Inventory (PSI). Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Blais, M.A., & Sinclair, S.J. The Psychopathology Spectra Inventory (PSI): Background, Rationale, and Clinical Utility. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Stein, M.B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S.J., Chung, W.J., Liebman, R., Smith, M., Blais, M.A. External Validity of the SCORS-G Ratings of TAT Narratives in a Clinical Sample. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Sinclair, S.J., Haggerty, G., Hopwood, C., Thomas, K., Wright, A., Blais, M.A. Exploring the Clinical Validity of the Psychopathology Spectra Inventory (PSI). Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Smith, M., Sinclair, S.J., Chung, W.J., Liebman, R., Stein, M.B., Blais, M.A. Cultural Considerations in Psychological Assessment: Race and Ethnicity and the Personality Assessment Inventory. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Liebman, R., Sinclair, S.J., Chung, W.J., Smith, M., Stein, M.B., Blais, M.A. Childhood Trauma and Borderline Personality Disorder: The Impact of Trauma History on Symptom Severity and Service Utilization. Paper presented for the Society for Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2014, Arlington, VA.

Sinclair, S.J., Slavin-Mulford, J., Antonius, D., Stein, M.B., Siefert, C.J., Haggerty, G., O’Keefe, S., & Blais, M.A. Development and preliminary validation of the Level of Care Index (LOCI) from the personality assessment inventory in a psychiatric sample. Paper presented for the Society of Personality Assessment Annual Meeting, March 2013, San Diego, CA.

Current Professional Leadership and/or Concurrent Work Experience

  • 2008, Founding Editor, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism & Political Aggression (Taylor and Francis / Routledge Publishing: http://www.informaworld.com/BSTPA)
  • 2008-2013, Editor-in-Chief, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism & Political Aggression (Taylor and Francis / Routledge Publishing)

Ad Hoc Reviewer:

  • Journals for which you serve as a reviewer
  • Quality of Life Research
  • Psychosomatics
  • Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
  • J Pers Assess
  • Psychological Assessment
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Traumatology
  • Evaluation & The Health Professions
  • Medical Care
  • Rehabilitation Psychology
  • New School Psychology Bulletin
  • Journal of Psychopathology & Behavioral Assessment
  • Studies in Conflict & Terrorism
  • Psychiatry Research
  • Assessment

Prior Professional Leadership and/or Work Experience

  • 2010-2016, Assistant Professor of Psychology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
  • 2010-2016, Director of Research (The PEaRL), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
  • 2008-2016, Clinical Staff Psychologist, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
  • 2008-2016, Clinical Supervisor & Member of Massachusetts General Hospital, & Clinical Training Committee, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
  • 2008-2015, Director, Treatment Outcomes, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, Measurement Program (Psychiatry)
  • 2008-2010, Instructor of Psychology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
  • 2006-2008, Clinical Fellow in Psychology , Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

Academic Contributions:

  • 2006, Founder, Society for Terrorism Research, Boston, MA (www.societyforterrorismresearch.org)
  • 2007-2010, President, Society for Terrorism Research, Boston, MA
  • Developed infrastructure for STR and created nonprofit 501(c)3 organization. Constructed Governing and Advisory Boards of 6 and 10 people, respectively, who are leading experts in their respective fields. Co-sponsored talks by Advisory Board members, including Dr. Philip Zimbardo, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Oversaw STR annual conferences in: Madrid, Spain (2007), Zakopane, Poland (2008), Belfast, Northern Ireland (2009), Cartagena, Colombia (2010)
  • 2007-2013, Founder and Co-Editor-in-Chief of academic journal, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression (www.informaworld.com/BSTPA). Oversee operations and publication of academic journal (3 issues per year). Constructed Editorial Board of 80 members representing 14 countries and 4 continents to serve as peer-referees.

Professional Affiliations

  • 2002-Present, American Psychological Association (APA)
  • 2006-Present, Society for Terrorism Research (STR) – Founder & Past President (2007-2010)
  • 2007-Present, Association for Threat Assessment Professionals (ATAP)
  • 2010-Present, Society for Personality Assessment (SPA)