Boston is the capital of Massachusetts and the largest city in New England with a population of 645,966. Founded in 1630 it is home to many historical and cultural landmarks, having been the site of numerous battles and events during the American Revolution. Examples include the Boston Tea Party, the Boston Massacre, Paul Revere's Midnight Ride, and the Battle of Bunker Hill. Many of these sites are found along the Freedom Trail, the 2.5 mile red brick path that leads followers around the city. The "shot heard 'round the world" which ignited the Revolution was fired in nearby Lexington. After the Revolution and until the early 20th Century, Boston remained one of the country's largest and most important manufacturing centers. Boston also became known for its artistic and literary cultures, and became a center for the abolitionist movement during the 19th Century.
Ever a sports town, Boston is also the home to iconic Fenway Park, home field of the Boston Red Sox. Built in 1912, it is the nation's oldest sports stadium still in active use. The Boston Celtics, Bruins, and New England Patriots, also call Boston home. Since 2001, these four teams have won ten national titles with three World Series ('04, '07, '13 Red Sox), one NBA Championship ('07-'08 Celtics), four Super Bowls ('01, '03, '04, '15 Patriots), and one Stanley Cup ('10-'11 Bruins). It also holds the world famous Boston Marathon on the third Monday of April every year, the oldest annual marathon in the world. Boston has some of the biggest, best, and most innovative healthcare institutions in the country and the world. Some of these include Brigham & Women's Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston Medical Center, New England Baptist Hospital, Tufts Medical Center, and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center.